Neurofeedback Therapy for ADD/ADHD
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) is characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with ones daily life.
Learn how Neurofeedback Therapy (NFT) Protocols can help ADD/ADHD condition by treating the source rather than reducing the symptoms.
ADD/ADHD is characterized by a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with ones daily life. Inattention might present clinically as difficulties in attending to details, filtering out extraneous stimuli, sustaining tasks or play, listening when spoken to, follow through, and organizing tasks/daily activities.
Hyperactivity/impulsivity often presents as fidgeting, inability to be seated, restlessness or “blurting out” in conversation. ADHD can present as either a combination of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, or be predominant to one or the other.
How does ADD/ADHD show up in the brain?
In many cases, individuals diagnosed with ADHD show a pattern of increased slow wave activity in the brain, often analyzed by the theta/beta ratio.
A major focus in treatment is providing reinforcement of the production of the cortical sensorimotor rhythm (12-15 Hz) and beta activity (15-18 Hz), and a reduction of theta activity (4-8 Hz).
While there are many general patterns in physiology and brain activity, we utilize brain mappings in order to tailor protocols to each individual.
How does Neurofeedback help/treatment Outcomes
Established NFT treatment protocols used by Boston NeuroDynamics have been given the highest efficacy rating possible (Level 5 — “Efficacious and Specific”) by both the ISNR and AABP for the treatment of childhood ADHD. NFB helps treat the source of ADHD rather than just reducing the symptoms, and has been shown in numerous studies to be comparable in efficacy to treatment with methylphenidate.
What other therapies do we offer that can help?
Other therpaies offered by Boston Neurodynamics that aid in treatment include:
- Biofeedback (BFB)
- Hemoencephalography (HEG)
- Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)
Selected ADD/ADHD and Neurofeedback related research
Learn more about the scientific research done on the effects of Neurofeedback, EEG Biofeedback and related therapies on children, adolescents and adults with ADHD.
Vincent J Monastra 1, Steven Lynn, Michael Linden, Joel F Lubar, John Gruzelier, Theodore J LaVaque
Neurofeedback treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children: a comparison with methylphenidate
Thomas Fuchs 1, Niels Birbaumer, Werner Lutzenberger, John H Gruzelier, Jochen Kaiser
The effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Vincent J Monastra 1, Donna M Monastra, Susan George
A multicenter effectiveness trial of QEEG-informed neurofeedback in ADHD: Replication and treatment prediction
Noralie Krepel 1, Tommy Egtberts 2, Alexander T Sack 3, Hartmut Heinrich 4, Mark Ryan 5, Martijn Arns 6
Neurofeedback and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) in Children: Rating the Evidence and Proposed Guidelines
Martijn Arns 1 2 3, C Richard Clark 4, Mark Trullinger 5 6, Roger deBeus 7 8, Martha Mack 9 10 11, Michelle Aniftos 9 12 13
Clinical and Experimental Factors Influencing the Efficacy of Neurofeedback in ADHD: A Meta-Analysis
Aurore Bussalb 1 2, Marco Congedo 3, Quentin Barthélemy 1, David Ojeda 1, Eric Acquaviva 2, Richard Delorme 2, Louis Mayaud 1
Jessica Van Doren 1, Martijn Arns 2 3 4, Hartmut Heinrich 1 5, Madelon A Vollebregt 6 7, Ute Strehl 8, Sandra K Loo 9
Comparison of Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) and Beta Training on Selective Attention and Symptoms in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Trend Report
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi 1, Nastaran Malmir 2, Ali Khaleghi 3, Majd Aminiorani 1
Self-reported efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in a clinical randomized controlled study of ADHD children and adolescents
Nezla S Duric 1, Jörg Aßmus 2, Irene B Elgen 3
Neurofeedback for the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD: a randomized and controlled clinical trial using parental reports
Nezla S Duric 1, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Irene B Elgen