Neurofeedback Therapy for AUSTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) varies in severity and character, encompassing individuals who are asocial but otherwise high-functioning (sometimes at the “savant” level), and low-functioning non-verbal individuals.

Learn how Neurofeedback Therapy (NFT) Protocols can help with Austism by promoting healthier development and reducing symptoms. 



Autism Symptoms

ASD is estimated to affect 1 in 68 children. The core features of autism are persistent deficits in (1) social communication and social interaction in all contexts, and (2) repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities which cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.

Deficits in social skills

Individuals with autism often have difficulties forming close relationships, playing, sharing or talking with others. They might prefer to be alone, avoid physical and eye contact, and struggle to process emotions. There are often delays in speech and language skills.

Behavioral Changes

There are patterns of unusual behaivors (repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling; constant moving; fixations on certain activities or objects; specific routines or rituals; extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and sound; not taking part in “make-believe” play or imitating others’ behaviors; fussy eating habits; lack of coordination, clumsiness; impulsiveness; aggressive behavior; short attention span; not using or rarely using common gestures (pointing or waving), and not responding to them; inability to stay on topic when talking or answering questions; not recognizing sarcasm or joking).


How does Autism show up in the brain?

The neurophysiology of autism is broad but particularly relevant to neurofeedback treatment is…

Asymmetry between the left and right hemispheres of the brain due, in part, to a reduction in fiber tracts in the corpus collosum; presence of alterations in various functional networks. Connectivity disturbances in ASD that are possibly widespread with two specific aspects:
over-connectivity in the local networks and under-connectivity in the long-distance networks

Research has indicated that individuals with ASD exhibit regionally specific alterations in delta (1–4 Hz), theta (4–8 Hz), alpha (8–12 Hz), and high frequency (20–120 Hz) power, supporting an imbalance of neural excitation/inhibition as a neurobiological feature of ASD

There are volumetric changes across the lifespan in deep brain structures such as the hippocampus and amygdala, as well as various cortical areas. There can often be epileptiform abnormalities, particularly in temporal regions and a reduction in the posterior dominant rhythm (PDR).

Neurofeedback induced alpha mu (8-12Hz) rhythm suppression or desynchronization, a marker of cortical activation, can induce neuroplastic changes and lead to normalization in relevant mirroring networks that have been associated with higher-order social cognition.


How does Neurofeedback help/treatment Outcomes

Although clinical research into the efficacy of NFT treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains inconclusive, a number of studies have shown improvements using various techniques and protocols, and Boston Neurodynamics has found that NFT, laser and Lenyosys treatments can be effective in addressing some common specific symptoms of ASD, including sleep, emotional regulation, and pro-social behavior.

Improvement in social interaction skills, communicative abilities, stereotypical behaviors, sleep, food sensitivities, and regulation.


What other therapies do we offer that can help?

Other therpaies offered by Boston Neurodynamics that aid in treatment include:

  • Biofeedback (BFB)
  • Bioregualtion Therapy (BRT)
  • Photobioregualtion (PBR)
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)

Selected Autism Spectrum Disorder and Neurofeedback related research

Learn more about the scientific research done on the effects of Neurofeedback, EEG Biofeedback and related therapies on children, adolescents and adults with ASD. 

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