Neurofeedback has shown improvement in PTSD, addictions, ADHD, learning disabilities, epilepsy, autism, mood disorders, addictions, eating disorders, OCD and more.
Neurofeedback is biofeedback on the electrical activity of the brain. Neurofeedback or EEG biofeedback, is a self regulation technique in which the individual learns to alter her/his brain activity. During the training, an electrode(s) are placed in a predetermined location on the scalp, and the brain activity (EEG signal) is being measured, i.e. protocol. The brain activity is fed to the computer and gets analyzed. When the brain activity is “good” the individual receives in real time a visual and audio reward. Over time, the individual learn to alter his/her brain activity. These changes may improve the cognition, emotions and behavior functioning.
The protocol is individual and is based on the individual symptoms and goals, brain mapping, research and experience.
Adverse reactions are mild and transient, and quickly resolved when addressed (either by modifying the frequencies and/or the location). Possible reactions include tiredness, headaches, sleep disturbance, and reactivity.
Biofeedback is a non-pharmaceutical, passive and non invasive technique. It is a self regulation technique that teaches the individual to achieve voluntary control of physiological functions which are normally regulated autonomously (i.e. without consciousness awareness). Regulation of these physiological activities can positively impact cognitive, physical and emotional functioning.
Biofeedback is a learning process, in which the individual increase (or decrease) behavior through the use of reinforcement (positive or negative).
How does it work? A sensor that records the physiological activity is placed, the signal is analyzed in the computer that provides a real time feedback to the individual. Over time, the individual learns to improve the physiological activity.
heart rate variability (HRV)
HRV s one type of biofeedback, where the individual Learns to alter his/her heart rate via breathing to improve self regulation and functioning.During the training, a sensor that detects the heart beat is placed on the ear or finger. The times between the heart beats are being calculated (coherence). When the coherence is high, the individual receive in real time a visual and audio reward.
Physiology of HRV: HRV stimulates the vagus nerve is connected to the brain stem and help the brain to switch from fight or flight mode to relax mode. The brain stem is connected to the limbic system, which helps the limbic system to calm.
More information coming soon.
Quantitative Electroencephalography (qEEG) is an assessment in which the electrical activity of the brain (EEG) is simultaneously recorded from 19 locations on the scalp. The EEG activity is being analyzed and is compared to normative values with “normative”. The processed EEG is commonly converted into color maps of different brain functioning, for example, activity of a single location, coherence (communication between two brain locations), or asymmetry. These analysis allows to identify abnormalities on specific brain structures on specific brain activities.
An event related potential (ERP) is the EEG response to a cognitive stimulus. that is a direct results of a specific sensory, cognitive or motor event. This measure provides an on invasive means to evaluate brain functioning. The ERP is measures in different structures of the the brain depending of the function that is evaluating, at least 13 components can be evaluated d anompatread with normative database which will guide better therapeutic recommendations and more precise neurofeedback protocol.
These techniques allow the clinical practitioner to fully understand brain function through precise interpretations and localization of brain structures that will be target for the training.
qEEG/ERP are now in extensive study to showed biomarkers for mental disorders. The new approach assumes that a psychiatric diagnosis is made not only from behavior, but also from the knowledge of which brain system is impaired.
This information will be use for the following:
Targeting the training protocols
Findings more adequate pharmacological treatment
Recommending more appropriate therapeutic approaches
Evaluating the progress throughout the program ( this can be an objective measure to validate the brain function progress from the different phases of the program)